During the past few days I was studying Project Time Management in PMBOK, for preparing the upcoming PMP exam on 4th December 2010, while I spent a few hours on understanding/mastering EVM, I log my memory here
EVM stands for Eearned Value Management, it is a complementary for Critical Path Method schedule management, its purpose could be described as “What did we get for the money we spent?” the definition of is in Wikipedia is below:
Earned value management (EVM) is a project management technique for measuring project progress in an objective manner. EVM has the ability to combine measurements of scope, schedule, and cost in a single integrated system. When properly applied, EVM provides an early warning of performance problems. Additionally, EVM promises to improve the definition of project scope, prevent scope creep, communicate objective progress to stakeholders, and keep the project team focused on achieving progress.
There are three fundamental glossaries in EVM, they are:
For simple and straight-forward, in my understanding:
SV Schedule Variance
SV = EV – PV
CV Cost Variance
CV = EV – AC
SPI Schedule Performance Index
SPI = EV/PV
CPI Cost Performance Index
CPI = EV/CV
I take a simple example for better understanding, assume I am managing a 10 days project code name “Lambda”, Lambda project has a BAC of $100, and the detailed project schedule was determined below:
The scenario is at the end of day 3, I (PM) called up team member and held a meeting to track status, we found:
We got 40% of the entire work done, on the other hand, we’ve already spent $60, based on this fact, I (PM) will get to know:
PV: 3 days past, initially we planed/supposed to spend $30 according to the schedule, so PV=30.
AC: We’ve spent &60, so AC=60.
EV: we finished 40% of work, initially we planed/supposed to spend $40 to get 40% work done, so EV=40
SV = EV – PV = 40 – 30 = 10, greater than 0, it is good, we are ahead schedule
CV = EV- CV = 40 – 60 = -20, smaller than 0, it is not good, we are overspending money
SPI = EV/PV = 40/30 = 1.3 > 1 greater than 1, good.
CPI = EV/CV = 40/60 = 0.66 < 1, smaller than 1, not good.
+U+U to myself, I put a flag here, I believe I will pass the exam!
EVM on Wikipedia
EVM official web site